The endocannabinoid system is a complex system for regulating homeostasis in the human body, consisting of cannabinoid receptors, neurotransmitters and enzymes. It plays a crucial role in the regulation of various biological processes such as pain, mood, appetite, sleep and immune response.
The endocannabinoid system gets its name from cannabinoids, which are chemical compounds produced by the cannabis plant. However, the human body also produces endocannabinoids – molecules that resemble the cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, but are made by the body itself.
This system includes two main cannabinoid receptors, called CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain and central nervous system, while CB2 receptors are found primarily in the immune system and peripheral tissues.
Endocannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors and activate a cellular response, which can affect various biological processes in the body. Enzymes are also important in the endocannabinoid system, as they break down endocannabinoids once they have served their purpose.
CBD affects the endocannabinoid system by modulating cannabinoid receptor activity and increasing the amount of endocannabinoids in the body. Although CBD does not bind directly to cannabinoid receptors, it can influence their function by acting on other receptors and increasing the availability of endocannabinoids.
In a few words, the endocannabinoid system is a complex system of regulation of homeostasis in the human body, which is composed of cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids and enzymes. CBD can interact with this system by modulating the activity of cannabinoid receptors and increasing the amount of endocannabinoids in the body.