Hemp is a plant of the Cannabaceae family, which has been cultivated for thousands of years for its fiber, seeds and medicinal properties. This plant has a long history of use in many cultures around the world, especially in Asia, Africa and Europe.
Hemp contains many active compounds, including cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, all of which are responsible for the plant’s therapeutic effects. Cannabinoids, particularly cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), are the compounds most studied for their health effects.
CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, which means it does not have a euphoric effect on the body and mind. It is often used to treat anxiety, chronic pain, inflammation, epilepsy and other health conditions. THC, on the other hand, is a psychoactive cannabinoid, which means it can produce psychotropic effects in users.
Hemp is often confused with marijuana, which is another variety of cannabis. However, unlike marijuana, hemp contains a low amount of THC, usually less than 0.3%, which makes it legal in many countries, including the United States and the European Union.
Hemp cultivation has seen a resurgence in recent years, largely due to the growing interest in CBD-based products. Hemp is grown around the world to produce a variety of products, including food, skin care products, clothing and CBD products.