Decarboxylation is an essential chemical process in the production of CBD products. It involves heating the hemp plant to a specific temperature to convert inactive cannabinoid acid, such as cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), into active cannabinoid, such as cannabidiol (CBD).

This process is often performed in CBD production labs, where hemp plants are heated to a specific temperature for a set amount of time to ensure efficient conversion of cannabinoid acid to active cannabinoid. This step is essential because active cannabinoids have well-documented therapeutic effects, unlike inactive cannabinoid acids.

Decarboxylation can also occur naturally when the hemp plant is exposed to heat and light for an extended period of time, but this can result in a loss of cannabinoid quality and quantity.